The Session has the authority to determine who is able to teach in the educational ministry of the local church (BCO 12-5). The PCA General Assembly has not adopted any statement regarding this issue, nor has there been a judgment rendered by the Standing Judicial Commission (SJC).
In 1976, the General Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod (RPCES) received a committee report describing various ways that the gifts of women can be utilized in the life and ministry of the local church. In 1981, the 9th General Assembly of the PCA adopted the “Joint Statement on Joining and Receiving,” which declared the historical documents of the RPCES are “valuable and significant material which will be used in the perfecting of the Church.”
In the RPCES report, the issue of women teaching in Sunday school was addressed:
“If the Sunday school time is a primary teaching time of the church, the elders (who are to be apt to teach) ought to teach the adult classes. This is not basically a sex-role matter but an elder-role matter. If, as is often the case, the Sunday school teachers are conceived as being under the direction of the elders, but somehow nonetheless quite authoritative, it would seem more definition is necessary. If they are clearly under the elders, then, in principle, any non-elder could be appointed to teach; if they are clearly authoritative, only elders should teach. If there is uncertainty as to the nature of “Sunday school,” it might be wise to avoid further confusion and not to appoint women to teach adult men until matters are further clarified in the minds of the congregation. The question of the appointment of women to teach Sunday school is thus one of the definition of the nature of Sunday school rather than one of the role of women.”